top of page
Search

Tyre pressure: how high should it be and what does it affect



Tyre Pressure Adjustment
Tyre Pressure Adjustment

Tyre maintenance is essential for road safety and vehicle efficiency. We wouldn’t get very far without our tyres, so why do we take them for granted so frequently? People are often unaware of the consequences of not checking their tyres regularly. Statistics from the National Highway Transportation Agency have shown that vehicles with tyres that are under-inflated by 25% are three times more likely to have a tyre-related accident than those with normal tyres, while vehicles with over-inflated tyres are two times more likely to crash. If the tyre pressure is correct, the weight of the vehicle will be evenly distributed, ensuring stability and preventing uneven or rapid tyre wear.


Contents

1 The recommended tyre pressure

2 How to check the pressure of your tyres

3 How does over/underinflation affect vehicles?

4 Tyre maintenance tips


However, tyre pressure is just one important aspect of this. Other factors include the size, tread and alignment of the tyres. When fitting new tyres, it is therefore important to choose the best tyres for your car in terms of the quality and design.


What should my Tyre Pressure be?


THE RECOMMENDED TYRE PRESSURE

The air pressure is measured in pounds per square inch (PSI) or bar. It is difficult to determine the exact pressure that the car needs without checking the manufacturer’s recommendations, as this will vary between different models and versions. Manufacturers based their pressure recommendations on several factors including the weight and size of the vehicle, the size of the tyres, and the vehicle’s towing capacity. Nevertheless, the recommended tyre pressure normally ranges between 30 and 35 PSI. For many vehicles, the recommended tyre pressure for the front tyres is higher than the rear tyre pressure recommendation.


You can find the right tyre pressure for your car by looking through the vehicle owner’s manual, reading the information label on the inside of the driver’s door, checking the fuel filler cap or asking your friendly local West End Mechanic - West End Service Centre.


HOW TO CHECK THE PRESSURE OF YOUR TYRES

Experts generally recommend checking the tyre pressure at least once a month, although the tyres may need to be checked more frequently under certain conditions. For example, high temperatures cause the tyres to lose more air pressure. You may find that you have to top up your tyres more regularly during the summer months or when the vehicle is carrying heavy loads, bring your vehicle into West End Service Centre - Volkswagen Service Brisbane to get your tyres inspected and adjusted complimentary.


Tyre pressure monitoring systems (TPMS)

Most modern passenger cars are fitted with tyre pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) which are designed to alert the driver when the air pressure gets dangerously low or high. If a problem is detected by the sensors, the warning light will light up on the dashboard – this is normally a yellow symbol. Even if there does not appear to be a problem, you should make sure to check your tyres as soon as possible.


You use a pressure gauge to check the pressure in your tyres yourself. Once you have found a pressure gauge with the right unit of measurement for your vehicle, the process is fairly straightforward. Alternatively you can get your local Mechanic in West End - West End Service Centre to inspect your tyres for you, we can also reset your TPMS to manufacture specifications.


Follow these simple instructions:

First, make sure that the tyres are cold and the vehicle is parked on a flat surface.

Remove the valve cap on the tyre and connect the pressure gauge to the valve stem.

Check the reading on the pressure gauge and note it down.


Tyre Guage
Tyre Guage

If the pressure is too low, use an air pump to top it up by pumping small amounts of air until it reaches the recommended pressure level.

If the tyres are too full, carefully press on the valve stem or stem pin with a flat-head screwdriver to deflate the tyre. Check the pressure as you go along.


HOW DOES OVER/UNDERINFLATION AFFECT VEHICLES?


The handling performance.

Tyre pressure has a significant impact on the handling performance of a vehicle, such as on the braking and steering systems. The braking distance can be significantly increased if the pressure is above or below the recommended level. Under-inflated tyres could make steering more difficult, while over-inflated tyres reduce the grip on the road and increase the risk of a blowout when driving.


Fuel economy.

When the tyre pressure is too low, this has a direct impact on the consumption of fuel. Cars with under-inflated tyres have to work harder to move and maneuver. The fuel consumption increases as a result of this. It is therefore not only important to maintain the correct tyre pressure for the sake of your own safety but also for the environment.


Tyre life.

Over inflation and underinflation lead to uneven and rapid tread wear. Over inflation usually causes increased wear in the center of the tyres, as less of the tyre surface touches the road. Low pressure will cause the sides of the tyres to wear faster. Keeping the tyres properly inflated will increase the lifespan of the tyres.


Uneven Tyre Wear
Uneven Tyre Wear

TYRE MAINTENANCE TIPS


How to extend the service life of your tyres:


Check the air pressure and tyre tread at least once a month.


Have the wheels aligned regularly. This will affect tyre wear and vehicle stability.

Wheel Alignment
Wheel Alignment

Rotate the tyres every 8,000-10,000 km mileage to even them out.


Avoid hard braking and unnecessary acceleration.


Inspect the tyres for damage. If you are losing air pressure too quickly or too often, it is possible that you have a punctured tyre which needs to be replaced. West End Service Centre - Your local West End Mechanic can cover all your tyre needs. Contact Us Today.

コメント


bottom of page